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Sunday, April 23, 2017

What happens when blood calcium level becomes low or high in newborn and children

           Calcium is essential for maintaining the electrolyte balance in our body. More than half of the body calcium is present in the mass composition of the bones. Calcium is needed for some normal physiological functions like muscle contraction, blood coagulation and neuromuscular signal transmission. Vitamin-D and some hormones play an important role in calcium absorption from the dietary foods. Let know what happens when serum (blood) calcium level becomes low or high in newborn and children.

Saturday, April 22, 2017

How to know that the newborn baby has jaundice and how to treat jaundice in newborn

           Jaundice is a condition in a newborn in which the bilirubin level will be high when comparing with the normal range. It is the most common problem in the first week of life of a newborn.

           In newborn, the jaundice is clinically classified into physiological jaundice and pathological jaundice. Physiological jaundice may happen due to the physiological immaturity of the newborn to handle the increased bilirubin production. Normally, visible jaundice will appear during 24-72 hour of age. In physiological jaundice, the total serum bilirubin level peaks on the third day of life and they usually fall in term neonates (28 days of life). Adequate breastfeeding will help decrease this kind of physiological jaundice.

Neonatal respiratory distress - pulmonary and non pulmonary causes

           The neonatal respiratory distress is the common problem in neonates. The respiratory distress will have the clinical features like increased respiratory rate(which will be above 60 breaths per minute) and other findings like chest retraction and cyanosis are noted. The chest retractions are absent in non-respiratory causes. The causes of neonatal respiratory distress are divided into pulmonary causes and non-pulmonary causes.

Causes and management of Respiratory Distress Syndrome in neonates

           It is common in preterm and it occurs in the first few hours after birth.

RISK FACTORS

            The risk factors of RDS are the lack of oxygen and ischemia to vital organs(Asphyxia) and gestational diabetes.

Friday, March 17, 2017

Child care and child health in pediatrics

           To know about the child care and child health, first, you want to know about the branch of science that deals with the health and care of children. This branch covers the age group less than 18 years of age. We call this branch which is named as Pediatrics.


            In paediatrics, the way of treatment is completely different and the drug dosage used for treating the illness will vary from the adult dosage. Which is not the mathematical derivation of the adult dosage.